Periodontal disease, which affects your teeth and gums, can be mild or severe, but both require periodontal treatment. Severe periodontal disease threatens your teeth, as they may loosen and fall out. See your NYC dentist, open on Saturday and Sunday, for immediate treatment for periodontal disease. If untreated, infection can spread to other parts of your body. You can get periodontal treatment at your Bronx periodontist that opens on Saturday to make it more convenient.
Periodontal disease is the group of diseases that affects the tissue supporting and anchoring your teeth. If left untreated, it can result in the destruction of your gums, the alveolar bone — the part of your jaw where your teeth arise — and the outer layer of your tooth root. Periodontal treatment works to arrest or reverse periodontal disease and preserve as much of your natural teeth as possible.
Since periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease, infection can occur in the pockets between your gums and teeth. Infections cause a myriad of problems, including the recession of your gums, loose teeth and eventually, loss of teeth. Additionally, the infection can spread to other parts of your body, making it more difficult to treat. Your NYC dentist, open on Sunday, works to find the treatment for periodontal disease to reverse or contain the infection and preserve the health of your teeth.
Forms and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
There are four types of periodontal disease, and each is accompanied by escalating symptoms:
- The mildest and most common form of periodontal disease, gingivitis symptoms include swollen red gums and slight bleeding. Your mouth can contain gingivitis for many years. Your dentist reverses the condition with professional cleaning that you continue with good oral hygiene at home.
- Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. Mainly found in young adults, this disease shows up with painful bleeding gums. It can lead to the erosion and death of gum tissue between your teeth. Stress, malnutrition, fatigue and poor oral care all contribute.
- Adult periodontitis. The most severe periodontal disease, periodontitis, involves more of your gum tissue. Plaque and bacteria reside in deep pockets that form between your teeth and gums. Without treatment, this disease destroys your gum ligaments, allowing teeth to move in your mouth or even fall out. Most cases are chronic, requiring ongoing treatment.
- Localized juvenile periodontitis. This rare form affects the molars and incisors of a young adult. Even though pockets exist, your Bronx dentist finds a low incidence of bacteria. Periodontal treatment is required to keep the disease from progressing.
Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease
Age and poor oral care contribute to all forms of periodontal disease. Other risks include the following:
- Smoking cigarettes
- Hormonal changes in girls and women that sometimes precipitate periodontal issues
- AIDS and its treatments
- Cancer and its treatments
- Dry mouth resulting from certain medicines
- Family history of periodontal disease
Treatment for Periodontal Disease
Your Saturday dentist in NYC seeks to reverse gingivitis or control the infection of periodontal disease. Periodontal treatment begins with a thorough examination and cleaning. Your dentist takes X-rays of your teeth and jaw to determine where tartar and pockets may be located and if any bone has sustained damage. Treatments for the disease include:
- The deep cleaning procedure scrapes the tartar from your teeth above and below the gum line. You can ask for a local anesthetic before your dentist begins.
- Root planing. Removing the rough spots on your tooth enamel prevents bacteria from growing. Lasers are sometimes used for this, which reduces the bleeding, swelling and discomfort. You receive a local anesthetic for this procedure.
- Your dentist may prescribe topical antibiotic mouthwashes, antiseptic chips, antibiotic microspheres or oral antibiotics, depending on the extent of infection.
- Flap surgery. Severe periodontal disease may require surgical options. Your dentist, open on Saturday, cuts the gum tissue to peel it back and clean it thoroughly before suturing the gums tightly around your teeth to remove pockets.
- Bone grafts. Infection damages bones as well as soft tissue. Natural or synthetic materials may be grafted at the same time as your flap surgery to rebuild damaged bone.
- Guided tissue regeneration. Using a mesh-like substance inserted below the gum line, your Bronx dentist strives to keep gum tissue from growing into areas where there should be bone.
After Treatment for Periodontal Disease
The time needed to heal also depends on the amount of periodontal treatment you receive. Usually within a week or two, you’re back to normal — or better, since your painful symptoms have been reversed. If your pain continues, contact your Bronx dentist, open on Saturday.
Deep cleaning and surgery are intrusive procedures. Although you’re given a local anesthetic, you’ll experience some pain and soreness for a few days, depending on the severity of the infection. Your Saturday dentist provides pain control, including over-the-counter medication. Continued good oral care helps you avoid gum disease, which has been linked to other health problems:
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
Your dentists and periodontists in the Bronx, open on Saturday, not only diagnose the disease and offer periodontal treatment, but also help you plan an efficient preventive oral care routine. Periodontal disease doesn’t have to derail your life. See your Bronx dentist or periodontist to get back on track. Our dentistry center in the Bronx is open on Sunday too.